All about Ramadan/Ramazan

12 Oct

The word “Ramadan” comes from the Arabic root word ‘ramida’ or ‘ar-ramad’ for “parched thirst” and
“sun-baked ground.” It is expressive of the hunger and thirst felt by those who spend the month in fasting.
It is by nature a time of sacrifice.

Now the question arises “why do Muslims fast during Ramadan?”
Well the answer is simply because fasting during Ramadan is ordained in The Holy Quran to all muslims by ALLAH subhan-o-taala.

And the references from The Holy Qu’ran are as follows:

Surah-e-Al-BAQARAH (verses 183, 184) :

“O You who have attained to faith! Fasting is ordained for youas it was ordained
for those before you, so that you might remain conscious of God:[fasting] during
a certain number of days. But whoever of you is ill, or on a journey, [shall
fast insted for the same ]number of days; and [in such cases] it is incumbent
uopn those who can afford it to make sacrifice by feeding a needy person.And
whoever does more good than he is bound to do does good unto himself thereby;
for to fast is to do good unto yourself- if you but knew it.”

Surah-e-Al-BAQARAH (verse 185) :

“It was the month of Ramadan in which the Quran was was [first] bestowed fromon
high as a guidance unto man and a self-evident proof of that guidance, and asthe
standard by which to discern the true from the false. Hence, whoever of youlives
to see this month shall fast through it; but he that is ill, or on
ajourney,[shall fats instead for the same] number of other days. GOD willsthat
you shall have ease, and does not will you to suffer hardship; but [hedesires]
that you complete the number [of days required], and that you extol GODfor His
having guided you aright, and that you render your thanks [unto Him].”

Word used in Quran:
The word used in The Holy Quran for fasting is Al-Saum. Which means to abstain from food, drink and sexual intercourse from before the break of the dawn until sunset.

It is one of the gates in the paradise through which only those who fast will be allowed to enter.

Reference by sahih-bhukhari:

Narrated Sahl (Volume 7 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1188, verse 1778)

The Prophet said, “There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who
observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except
them will enter through it. It will be said, ‘Where are those who used to
observe fasts?’ They will get up, and none except them will enter through it.
After their entry the gate will be closed and nobody will enter through it.”

About the timings to observe fast, Allah has mentioned in Surah-e-Al-BAQARAH (verse 187).

” …and eat and drink until the white thread appears to you, distinct from the
black thread,…”

Narrated ‘Adi bin Hatim: (Volume 7 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1200, verse 1798)

When the above verses were revealed: ‘Until the white thread appears to you,
distinct from the black thread,’ I took two (hair) strings, one black and the
other white, and kept them under my pillow and went on looking at them
throughout the night but could not make anything out of it. So, the next morning
I went to Allah’s Apostle and told him the whole story. He explained to me,
“That verse means the darkness of the night and the whiteness of the dawn.”

Importance/Blessings/Fazeelat to observe fast during Ramadan:
At several places Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) narrated the fazeelat/blessings on those who observe fasts during Ramadan/Ramazan. Some of the hadeeth from Sahee-Bhukhari have been listed below:

Narrated Abu Huraira (Volume 7 Book of Al-Saum, chapter 1186, verse 1776)

Allah’s Apostle said, “Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the
person observing fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should
not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses
him, he should tell him twice, ‘I am fasting.” The Prophet added, “By Him in
Whose Hands my soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person
is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. (Allah says about the
fasting person), ‘He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake. The fast
is for Me. So I will reward (the fasting person) for it and the reward of good
deeds is multiplied ten times.”

Narrated Abu Huraira: (Volume 7 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1189, verse 1781)

Allah’s Apostle said, “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven
are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.”

Narrated Abu Huraira: (Volume 7 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1190, verse 1783)

The Prophet said, “Whoever established prayers on the night of Qadr out of
sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins
will be forgiven; and whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere
faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be

Narrated Abu Huraira: (Volume 7 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1192, verse 1785)

The Prophet said, “Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions,
Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not
accept his fasting.)”

Shabay-Qadr/Lailatul-Qadr/Lailatul-Mubarika (The blessed night):
About the fazeelat/importance lailatul-Qadr (Qadr means destiny) ALLAH subhan-o-taala has given a whole surah by the name, Suran- Qadr, which is the ninety-seventh (97th) surah of The Holy Quran.

Surah-e-Al-Qadr: (Chapter 97)

“01. We revealed it (the Quran) on the Night Of Power. 02. Would that you knew
what the Night Of Power is like. 03. Better is the Night Of Power than a
thousand months. 04. On that night the Angles and the Sprit descend by their
Lord’s permission,with all His Decrees. 05. That Night is Peace, till the Break
of Dawn.”

Now the question arisies, what proof that we have that this night of blessings and Fazaail occurs in the Holy month of Ramazan as nothing about in which month it is present has been mentioned in The Holy Quran?

The answer to this question is present in the sahih-hadith of The Holy Prophet (PBUH) some are listed below.

Narrated ‘Aisha: Volume 8, Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1256, Verse 1891)

Allah’s Apostle said, “Search for the Night of Qadr in the last ten days of Ramadan.”

Narrated Ibn Abbas: (Volume 8 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1256, verse 1895)

The Prophet said, “Look for the Night of Qadr in the last ten nights of Ramadan
,’ on the night when nine or seven or five nights remain out of the last ten
nights of Ramadan (i.e. 21, 23, 25, respectively).”

Narrated ‘Ubada bin As-Samit: (Volume 8 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1256, verse 1897)

The Prophet came out to inform us about the Night of Qadr but two Muslims were
quarreling with each other. So, the Prophet said, “I came out to inform you
about the Night of Qadr but such-and-such persons were quarreling, so the news
about it had been taken away; yet that might be for your own good, so search for
it on the 29th, 27th and 25th (of Ramadan).

It’s clear from these hadith that one of the most meritorious aspects of the month of Ramadan is that it contains Laylatul-Qadr(the most blessed night of the year)

Another important feature of the month of Ramadan is Tarawih. It is a special Salah (prayer) consisting of 20 rak’at which is performed immediately after the Isha prayer. It should be noted that it is NOT an obligatory prayer but Sunnah.

As the Holy Prophet (PBUH) exclaimed:

Narrated Abu Huraira: (Volume 8 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1253, verse 1884)

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying regarding Ramadan, “Whoever prayed at night in it
(the month of Ramadan) out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah,
then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

Narrated Abu Huraira: (Volume 8 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1253, verse 1885)

Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever prayed at night the whole month of Ramadan out of
sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins
will be forgiven.” Ibn Shihab (a sub-narrator) said, “Allah’s Apostle died and
the people continued observing that (i.e. Nawafil offered individually, not in
congregation), and it remained as it was during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr and in
the early days of ‘Umar’s Caliphate.” ‘Abdur Rahman bin ‘Abdul Qari said, “I
went out in the company of ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan to the
mosque and found the people praying in different groups. A man praying alone or
a man praying with a little group behind him. So, ‘Umar said, ‘In my opinion I
would better collect these (people) under the leadership of one Qari (Reciter)
(i.e. let them pray in congregation!)’. So, he made up his mind to congregate
them behind Ubai bin Ka’b. Then on another night I went again in his company and
the people were praying behind their reciter. On that, ‘Umar remarked, ‘What an
excellent Bid’a (i.e. innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they
do not perform, but sleep at its time is better than the one they are offering.’
He meant the prayer in the last part of the night. (In those days) people used
to pray in the early part of the night.”

It is a unique form of worship in which a person gives up all his activities. abandons his attachments, associations, daily routines and enters the mosque for a specific period.

References from Sahee-bhukhari hadith are:

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar: (Volume 8 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter 1258, verse 1899)

Allah’s Apostle used to practise Itikaf in the last ten days of the month of

Narrated ‘Aisha: (Volume 8 Book of Al-Saum, Chapter1258 , verse 1900 )

(the wife of the Prophet) The Prophet used to practice Itikaf in the last ten
days of Ramadan till he died and then his wives used to practice Itikaf after

Ramadan offers immense possibility of great spiritual journeys.It is no doubt a very special time for all of us (Muslims), but the feelings and lessons we experience should stay with us throughout the year. In the Qur’an, we are commanded to fast so that we may “become pious”. This piety and devotion is especially felt during Ramadan, but we all must strive to make the feelings and attitude stay with us during our “normal” lives. That is the true goal and test of Ramadan.

Please Note: All the references of sahee-hadith in this article have only been taken from the book
Sahee-Bhukhari Shareef by Abu-Abdullah-Muhammad-bin-Ismaeel-Bhukhari.
Published in September 1985.

Wanna know more about the History and origin of the holy Month of Ramadan?

visit the site below.
All About Ramadan/Ramazan

May ALLAH bless us all.

2 Responses to “All about Ramadan/Ramazan”

  1. irem December 14, 2006 at 12:56 AM #

    yo man that was not fair aiht

  2. |eemz December 16, 2006 at 10:21 PM #

    say what?

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